Basic characteristics of carrot
Carrot (Daucus carota) belongs to a group of tubers vegetables, because in the diet it is use carrot’s spindle-shaped tuber. Carrot owns many nutritional and nourishing properties, but also benefits of carrot are applied in the preservation of health.
It is believed that carrots originate from Asia (Afghanistan) where was grown in period of antique Greece. The characteristic of this carrot was in her color - these carrots were purple. Later and other nations were interested in these unusual vegetables, and during the 18th century, carrot with selective methods began to grow in today, orange color.
Today, many countries produce various varieties of carrots, which differ in shape, size and color (white, orange, purple, and red, yellow).
The nutritive value of carrots
Orange color of carrots comes from beta-carotene, provitamin from which creates vitamin A; vitamin very valuable to the health of the eyes and skin. It is believed that as the intense orange color of carrots, so far has more beta carotene. Interesting is the fact that depending on what form the carrot is, it’s depend on the amount of beta carotene. Time has proven that least carotene has the whole raw carrot, and mostly of it is present in grated, raw carrots!
Vitamin composition of carrots constitute by the greatest extent of vitamin A, carotenes, vitamin B complex, vitamins E and D. It is interesting to say that the carrots have small amounts of vitamin C compared to other vegetables and fruits. What is also adorned with a carrot is the presence of vitamin K, which is very important and necessary in the process of blood coagulation.
The mineral composition of carrot made of:
- Potassium to the greatest extent, followed by calcium, phosphorus, iodine, zinc, cobalt, manganese.
Other nutritional part of the carrot for the most part, about 90% are carbohydrates, which is why carrots have greater calorie value compared to other root vegetables. The rest of the nutritional compound consists of proteins and small volumes of fat.
The presence of plant fibbers in carrots as well as pectin provides good digestion, absorption of excess fat and regulate metabolism.
Health benefits of carrot
1. Impact on the digestive tract
The content of vegetable fibber and pectin in carrots is relatively high, which enables better intestinal motility, intestinal emptying and absorption of excessive fat.
The presence of selenium in carrots increases appetite, and participate in protecting the lining of the stomach from intestinal infections.
Beta carotene and vitamin A are main protectors of skin and mucous membranes, and prevents intestinal infections.
To avoid digestive ailments or if you suffer from constipation and hemorrhoids, try it to drink a glass of freshly squeezed carrot juice in a few weeks, every morning.
Carrots can be used raw or cooked, and in every form is easily digestible. Does not create a feeling of bloating, gas in the stomach carrot does not worsening the situation of the ulcer, so that in any case carrot is easily digestible, which can be noted in the nutrition of babies with carrots.
2. Carrot kills cholesterol
The presence of potassium in the carrot helps to reduce the level of fat in the blood and it also has positive effect on the liver and gallbladder.
3. Control of blood sugar
In combination with magnesium, potassium from carrots regulates blood sugar levels thus balance and prevent diabetes.
4. Preventing blood clotting
Vitamin K from carrots owns this role, which is very important for every man, because proper coagulation is the only solution to stop the bleeding.
5. Preventing infections of the oral cavity
Carrot contains the smaller concentrations of vitamin C that creates a favourable environment in the oral cavity, in order to avoid the appearance of infection of the gums. It also helps in faster healing of wounds.
6. Strengthens eyesight
Vitamin A and beta carotene, which is abundant in carrots, are the main eye protectors. Daily consumption of fresh carrot juice prevents the occurrence of amblyopia, cataract and glaucoma.
7. Carrot cleanse the liver
Carrots is ideal cleanser of the liver, which is why it is recommended detox session than a month, where every day you will have to drink half a glass of carrot juice squeezed in order to detoxification of the body.
8. Positive action on growth and development of the fetus
Carrot is a vegetable that pregnant women and nursing mothers are required to take for the reason that carrots influence the proper development of the fetus, increases lactation in nursing mothers, and affect the ossification of skeletal in babies.
9. Carrot protects the nervous system
Carrot juice is an excellent tonic for tired nerves, so it is recommended to all those who suffer from fatigue, malfunctions and mental load.
10. Anticancer effect of carrot
Carrots contain a lot of carotene and pectin, which significantly protects against cancer of the colon, prostate and stomach.
Are there any adverse effects while consuming carrots?
Yes, if the carrot is entered daily in large quantities. It is not recommended excessive intake of carrot because it can lead to damage of the lining of the stomach and enteritis.
The recommended dose is one glass of fresh squeezed carrot juice daily. It can be mixed and matched with other fruit juice, like lemon, apple and season with cinnamon, ginger and honey.