What's it like plum and where it’s grown?
Plum (Prunus domestica) is a perennial woody plant, which gives a round or oval fruit in dark blue, yellow or red color.
It belongs to a group of drupe family, where takes part along with apricot and peach. The central part of the ripe fruit of plum is kernel, from whose interior is obtained plum essential oil by cold extraction.
Plums coming from different parts of the world, but nowadays they are represented in the entire world. Today there are a great number of different varieties of plums, which differ in shape, size, color, even in content of sugar.
What is the nutritional profile of plums?
This delicious and sweet fruit contains about 85% water, about 10 grams of carbohydrates, a little bit of protein and fat. It abounds in plant fibers, natural organic acids and enzymes.
Vitamins found in plums are:
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin E
- Folic acid
- Vitamin A
Mineral composition of plums looks like this:
A very important component of the plum is sugar alcohol - sorbitol, which is used in the production of sweets for diabetics, as a substitute for sugar.
What are the Health Benefits of Plum?
Plum is best antioxidant among other fruits, even has a higher antioxidant index compared to blueberries. It’s recommended to eat five plums a day in order to release the essential antioxidants (anthocyanin) and prevent cell damage and disturbance of vital functions.
The effect on digestion
Thanks to the presence of fibers, pectin and other nutrients, plum has always been used as a natural remedy for constipation. For this purpose, plum can be eaten fresh or dried even cooked as compote.
* Dried Plums are prohibited for people suffering from diabetes.
Regulation of blood pressure
Plums are fruits that are rich in potassium, a mineral responsible for maintaining normal value of colloid osmotic pressure. Potassium stimulates the excretion of excess fluid from the body via kidneys, thereby reducing the total volume of fluid in the bloodstream.
Plums strengthen bones
Women in menopause should eat plums to maintain bone density at the optimum level and prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis and fractures.
Preserving the health of eyes
Plums which are rich in vitamin A and carotene thereby prevent degenerative eye changes, especially in old age.
Plum leaflets hoarseness
If you lost your voice or you have inflamed vocal cords, take a dry plum and hold it in the mouth melting as tablet for throat.
Plum provides energy
Thanks to the sugars contained in, plum provides the necessary energy for athletes and people who are physically active. Energetic breakfast includes muesli with yogurt with added dried plums.
Purchase and storage of plums
When buying plums,it must be taken to ensure that the fruits are hard and have a stem. The surface should be a little blurred, indicating that plums cultivated properly.
In the refrigerator, plums may be stored up to three days. They should be placed so that they are separated from other foods, preferably in a paper bag.
In addition, when you remove them from the refrigerator, plums should be left to stand for a while at room temperature, because in this way they restore the maximum juiciness and sweetness.