Basic information of parsley
Parsley (Petroselinum hortense) is a perennial plant of the tuber family, which include carrot. It is very similar to carrot, even they have a similar leaves and the underground part, and the only difference is in the color of the root, which is mainly white with the parsley.
It is believed that the soil from which the parsley originates is the Mediterranean and southern Europe. Today, the parsley grows throughout the world, in different varieties, of which is most famous French parsley, recognizable by leaves.
Parsley was used even in ancient times not only as a spice, but as a drug for the treatment of urinary tract infections, edema, and gout or to strengthen the power and endurance.
The medicinal and edible parts of parsley are root, stem and leaves.
What is the nutritional profile of parsley?
Parsley is mostly used in cooking as a final seasoning, to obtain flavor or for decoration.
The largest share of the root and leaves of parsley occupy essential oils that give it its distinctive flavor.
From minerals parsley is abundant in iron, potassium, calcium, manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt, nickel and chromium.
Vitamin composition of parsley - most part makes vitamin C, vitamin A and then B group vitamins, particularly vitamin B12, which is very important due to the impossibility of synthesis in the body.
The rest of the nutrient composition of parsley builds carbohydrates, mucus, carotene, sugar and a little fat.
A very important feature of parsley is that in parsley leaves are located proteins participating in the synthesis of amino acids methionine and tryptophan.
What are the Health Benefits of Parsley?
1. Natural diuretic, eliminates excess fluid from the body, relieves edema and gout, helps in the elimination of sand and stones from the kidney, clean and detoxify the whole body.
2. It regulates digestion, removes flatulence, and soothes stomach cramps. It is especially important for women during PMS because it removes abdominal swelling and removes excess fluid from the body, due to the effect of hormones.
3. It strengthens body and raises the immune status of the organism.
4. It stimulates circulation and prevents heart disease.
5. It has antibacterial properties - destroys E. coli in the urinary tract.
6. Chewing fresh parsley leaves eliminate bad breath from onions and garlic.
7. Prevents the occurrence of anemia because it contains iron and vitamin B12, important elements in the synthesis of hemoglobin in red blood cells.
8. Parsley has its aesthetic characteristics - influences the rapid growth of hair and strengthens the hair follicle.
Important Notes when using parsley
• Oil of parsley should not be used by pregnant women and nursing mothers because of the possible occurrence of contractions.
• It should not exaggerate with drinking tea from parsley, nor does it replace the water intake.
• Children under two years should not use too much parsley in the diet.